|Conference Home||Organizing Team||Keynote||Program||Call for Papers||Participant Registration|
Gustavo Pascoal Paipe, PhD.
Assistant Professor at Faculty of Physical Education and Sport
Universidade Pedagógica de Maputo
Maria José Carvalho
Assistant Professor at Faculty of Sport, University of Porto.
Sport Management Department
Sports policies in Mozambique: Challenges and perspectives for sport development
Sports policy is the main mechanism that governments use in setting purposes for sport, and for providing the guidelines and operational principles in sports development. In this sense, this study aimed to characterize the sports policies that are undertaken by the government of Mozambique for sports development. For that, a content analysis of the main policy documents (Sports policy, National strategy for sport and legislation) was used. The analysis revealed that sports policies are based on: i) promoting sport for all, improve performance in elite sport and reduction of regional asymmetries in sports practices at all levels; ii) support the associative movement and development of sports sector with emphasis on the creation of two professional leagues (Basketball and Football). As main conclusion, it seems that Mozambique had a great advancement in relation to sports policies from the colonial period to the current days. However, the main challenges are the definition of strategies to enable greater involvement and accountability of the public and private sector in sports development, more support to the associative movement, creation of synergies between central institutions and municipalities, and definition of specific programs for disadvantaged and discriminated groups. Likewise, there is scarcity of specialized talent with technical and managerial skills in sports. This demands the definition of strategies and concrete actions by policymakers and qualified people, as well as to improve the competencies of the existing professionals, in order to deliver sports programs with the desired quality. To this end, the creation of partnerships among governmental entities and universities is relevant strategic which can help the development of talent and sport programs, as well as to know the structural obstacles and potentialities of the sports sector in the country.
Keywords: Mozambique, sports policy, sports development.
Public sports policies: A tool for characterization of municipal sports services in Mozambique
Over the past 40 years, the municipalities have been the main promoters of sport development in several parts of the world. They were also crucial in the definition of sport policies with actions focused on the promotion of healthy lifestyles through physical activity and sport practice for all sectors of the society. Nevertheless, in the municipalities of Mozambique, the intervention in sport is a relatively new activity. Research in these fields are very rare, so it is urgent to proceed with disaggregated studies on sport reality in municipalities of Mozambique. Therefore, the aim of this study was to design and validate a specific tool for characterization of municipal sports services. For this purpose, an ad hoc instrument based on a previous literature review was designed and submitted to validation process by academic experts. After the instrument obtained a positive evaluation, a pilot study was conducted. Forty-one items, divided into nine dimensions (Creation of the Services; Human Resources; Organizational Culture; Relation with other entities; Sport Facilities and Management; Municipal Sport offer; Financial Management; Information Management and Communication and, Sport and Environment) compose the final version. The instrument showed a good validity indices (V of Aiken = 0.85), and reliability (W of Kendall = 0.82). The tool will help and guide policy makers for best practices in sport programs in their municipalities, since it provides feedback about the overall development of sport services and identifies which resources they have and which are needed in each municipality to ensure that all activities can successfully deliver and respond to the demands of the citizens. The final tool was named FerCasDemuP.
Keywords: Sport policies, Municipal sport services, Municipalities, Designed and evaluation, Instrument