Emmy H. Mbozi
University of Zambia
Emmy Hangoma Mbozi is a Senior Lecturer in adult education at the University of Zambia. She holds a PhD in Education with a triad specialization in agricultural education, development sociology and social policy analysis and management. She teaches social policy analysis, research methods, community education and development, participatory approaches to development and critical pedagogy. Emmy has published articles and book chapters and co-authored books in gender, adult education, and ageing. She has been engaged as a consultant by international and non-governmental organizations including the United Nations FAO, the UNDP, IFAD, World Bank, and Lutheran World Federation in the area of gender, agricultural education, social protection and community development. Her current research interests are the broad area of social development, gender, agriculture education, ageing, social protection, retirement education
Physical activity and sport for the aged in old people’s homes in Zambia
Globally people are living longer and the aged constitute a significant segment of the world’s population. There is evidence that physical activity improves the health and wellbeing of older people. Sports participation is one domain where the aged can be physically active. The study examined the need for appropriate physical activity and sport in old people’s homes in Zambia. The study was
guided by activity theory of ageing. It was a descriptive survey using a mixed method approach. The study population comprised all the aged residing in the 9 old people’s homes in the country and their caregivers. The sample consisted of 165 purposively selected aged persons and 17 caregivers. All the respondents were interviewed using semi-structured interview guides. Qualitative data was analysed thematically while quantitative data was analysed to generate
frequency distribution tables and percentages. The study revealed that the aged in old people’s homes needed physical activity and sport to keep them busy and healthy and to overcome boredom and idleness. The study concluded that despite the benefits associated with physical activity and sport to older persons, there was little or no effort to provide these in old people’s homes in Zambia. The study recommended that relevant physical activity and sport should be
provided to the aged in all old people’s homes in the country. It also recommended that caregivers should undergo training to equip them with knowledge, skills, attitudes and competencies in designing relevant programmes for the aged aimed at improving their wellbeing and welfare, including provision of physical activity and sport.
Keywords:Physical activity, sport, the aged, caregivers, old people’s homes.