Born on 4th January 1977, Litongola a teacher by profession was born number six (6) in a family of eight (8). She went for her primary and secondary school education in Eastern province of Zambia. She holds a certificate in teaching, a Diploma of the University of Zambia in Physical Education and English, a Bachelors of the University of Zambia in Physical Education and Sport and a Masters of Science of the University of Peloponnese in Olympic Studies. Litongola is currently Acting Head of Department at Kanjala Secondary School and is very actively involved in sport and young people engagement in positive lifestyles.
Factors that Affect the Participation of Girls in Sports in Zambia: The Case of Oydc in Lusaka.
This research aims at assessing the participation level of females in sports at Olympic Youth Development Centre (OYDC) in Lusaka Zambia. Different researchers and other mushrooming sports organizations have played a role to mitigate low levels of female participation in sports in the country. The research will also help to understand different views from societies, although it was deemed crucial to investigate the view points of the real factors contributing to this fact. The objectives for this research were to determine the extent to which parents’ or guardian’s education levels contribute to female participation in sports, identify and analyse social and cultural factors affecting the participation of girls in sports, determine the extent to which the gender composition of coaches contributes to the participation levels of the female athletes.
The research methods were based on the review of relevant literature as well as a questionnaire for athletes, an interview guide for OYDC staff, an interview guide for two professional athletes in Zambia and a Focus Group Guide for parents from the OYDC surrounding communities.
The presentation reviewed that social cultural factors, beliefs and traditions are the major reasons that has contributed to the low participation levels of girls in sports in Zambia. It is for this reason that a female child is taught the traditions of the society at a tender age, hence this deprives them the ability of full participation in sports.
The importance of this dissertation and female participation in sports cannot be overstated. Female participation in sports plays a vital role on a person’s health and therefore, information generated from this research may go a long way encouraging more females to take part in various sporting activities. It will also be essential informing policy makers and adding more literature on female participation in sports