I am a PhD candidate in Educational Technology at Ohio University. My research areas covers technology access, policy and IT Governance across in resource challenged areas like s
An analysis of telecommunication policy, technology governance and its effects on sub-Saharan African sports story telling and mythmaking
In 2010, there were 53.62 million internet users in the sub-Saharan Africa region (SSA)
according to the International Telecommunications Union. By 2016, that number had more than tripled to over 190.1 million people (ITU, 2017) . The rate of internet access and penetration in sub-Saharan Africa over that six-year period basically tripled. This growth is very remarkable and can be tied to the explosive growth and adoption of mobile technology on the continent mostly attributed to reforms in telecommunications policy across the region. However, despite that impressive rate of internet adoption, only 18% of households in SSA have access to the internet. This is in comparison to the global average of 53% for all households, 84.2% of households in Europe , the highest penetrated continent, and 47% of Arab states, the lowest penetrated outside of SSA (ITU, 2017, p.2 ) .
This is an illustration of the debate and research that frames the digital divide in technology. While there have been tremendous improvements in providing internet access
worldwide, there are still areas with access issues and challenges. In addition, there are various mediating factors that affect the use and outcomes of the internet and technology that go beyond providing access. Warschauer (2003), describes this as a social embeddedness that affects the access, adoption, use and outcomes of technology including the use of technology in education.
This paper will look at the digital divide in sub-Sahara Africa (SSA), and how it has manifested in the adoption and use of technology in sports and education. To do this, I will look at the digital divide, its various levels and determinants especially in SSA. After that, there will be a brief history of telecommunications in Africa and the policy interventions in Africa as proposed and implemented by the various international bodies including the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund. I will investigate telecommunication policy in Africa from the perspective of appropriation, socio-cultural dynamics and policy understandings and how it has affected African story telling and mythmaking especially in sports (Levinson, Sutton, & Winstead, 2009) .