Associate-professor at the Sport Department of the University Paris West Nanterre La Défense, France. I’m working about sport history and international relations especially about franco-african sport relationships after the Second World War up too now. In order to discuss about the internationalization process of sport in African, the mimetic desire of African to attempt to the standard model of international/olympic sport in a geopolotical perspective but not only.
Charitas Pascal, (2015), « L’Afrique dans le mouvement olympique : les étapes postcoloniales du processus d’internationalisation du sport d’Afrique noire francophone ? (1945-1973) », Histoire & Anthropologie, Dossier : Sports, loisirs et sociétés en Afrique de l’Ouest, numéro 30, pp.17-56.
Charitas Pascal, (2015), « Imperialisms in the Olympics of the Colonization in the Postcolonization: Africa into the International Olympic Committee, 1910–1965 », International Journal of the History of Sport, Postcolonial Sports: International Perspectives, Vol. 32, 7, april 2015, pp.909-922.
url : http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09523367.2015.1027153#preview
Charitas, Pascal, (2017). « Sport in Anglophone and Francophone Africa », in The Global History of Sport in the Cold War, Robert Edelman & Wayne Wilson (eds.), Oxford University Press, (à paraître 2017, actuellement sous presse).
The birth of the Congolese NOC and the First African Games (1959-1966)
Co-author: David-Claude Kemo-Keimbou
“Congo-Brazzaville”, the current Republic of the Congo is a former French colony of Central Africa (1891) with Brazzaville for capital of French Equatorial Africa (FEA). The country is independent on August 15th, 1960: the “Congolese Republic”. In this context of colonial independences, France accompanies its former colonies of French Black Africa in the process of access to the international sport. The birth by France of the Jeux de la Communauté then the Friendship Games (on 1960, 1961 and 1963) puts the bases of the acculturation in the international sports standards with the emergence of the Committee national Olympic African (NOC) of whom that of Congo (1964). Although these Games end in 1963, with the sports retreat of France, the structure of organization remains to change into project of the first African Games for 1965 in Brazzaville. Indeed, the choice to hold these African regional Games in Congo echos the political changes in this country because the president abbot Fulbert Youlou is replaced (“glorious Three”) by Alphonse Massamba-Débat. The latter is in favor of the socialism and gets closer to the USSR, to communist China and to people’s democracies. Congo is thus considered as a progressive enclave in Africa and a danger for the western interests while the apartheid is questioned. From then on, it is a question of analyzing the conditions of emergence of the First African Games, enters on one hand reluctances and interests of the foreign influences and the others part Pan-African wills to make recognize these Games by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). To do it, we shall base us on the archives of the Center of Olympic Studies (COS) of Lausanne, French and African postcolonial archives as well as of the press. From 1959 till 1966, the purpose being to seize the stakes and the stages of the constitution of the first African Games and how the latter is going to emerge the Pan-African political structure of the Superior Council of the Sport in Africa (SCSA).